MARIJAMPOLĖS MEILĖS LUKŠIENĖS ŠVIETIMO CENTRAS

IMPROVMENT OF ACHIEVEMENTS OF HEALTHY LIFESTYLE AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY OF STUDENTS TAKING OVER THE NORWEGIAN EXPERIENCE PROJECT CODE NO. EEA-LT08-MES-01-K-02-017

The project is funded by the funds of European Economic Area and Norwegian Financial Mechanisms for the period 2009-2014.

Project implementer - Marijampolės Meilės Lukšienės Education Centre

Lithuanian partner - NGO "Informal education club „Mes“.

 

Importance of the project.

Overweight and obesity are the main factors influencing various cardiac and vascular diseases, which are identified as the main cause of mortalities. Obese people have shorter lives than those with normal weight. The increasing morbidity and mortality rates due to overweight and obesity have a major economic damage to society. The World Health Organization estimates that worldwide, one in three adults are overweight, it is clear that this is already a social problem.

The most disturbing is the fact that the number of obese children and adolescents is increasing critically in Lithuania.

One of the main reasons for that - complete physical inactivity of children and adolescents, what is causing not only obesity, but other health problems too.

Young obese people have more difficulties to integrate into the environment, they are more often bullied, and they lack self-confidence than other youngsters, which causes various psychological psychosocial problems: of reduced self-esteem, attitude towards yourself gets worse, isolation from friends appears.

In order to improve the health of Lithuanian population, it is necessary to reduce prevalence of overweight and obesity, especially among children and adolescents, to develop people's healthy lifestyle habits and create the environment conducive to health.

Educational purpose of physical education is to enable students to physical, social and emotional self-education, expression of physical and social activity, person‘s social inclusion and increase of health potential with higher physical culture education options, thus enhancing internal motivation of  physical activity.

The project aims to elevate teachers and youth awareness about the influence of healthy lifestyles and physical activity not only to the physical and mental health but also to the quality of life, to improve healthy lifestyle skills and pupils' positive attitudes to physical education - not only as to the mean of improvement of physical condition, but also as a measure of educating spirituality, will, improving creative activities.

The aims of the project:

  1. To improve qualification of teachers’ of general education in the area of healthy lifestyle and physical activity.
  2. To promote students’ healthy lifestyle and physical activity.
  3. To promote general education teachers to share experience with their peers about healthy lifestyle and physical activity.

The main target group of the project are teachers and children. The number of participants planned in the target group of the project activities is 420.

Activities planned for the project:

International training improving competence of Lithuanian general education teachers in healthy lifestyle and physical activity:

8 teachers will take part in a three-day internship in Norway

There is a great focus on physical activity and healthy lifestyle in Norwegian secondary schools as well as national education documents, and this implemented with a help of the National Norwegian food, health and exercise centre. They not only collect statistical data, do research, but also promote healthy lifestyle and physical activity in general education schools.

Lithuanian general education teacher of a healthy lifestyle and physical activity to improve national competencies training:

14 experience sharing seminar for teachers of Marijampole and Kaunas regions, 360 participants.

Duration of one workshop is 6 academic hours.

The training will be brought together various experiences (sharing the experience gained in Norway as well as  application of personal experience of teaching), considered ideal model for physical education lesson that encourages maintaining ideas of healthy lifestyle and physical activity not only among students, but also among teachers of different subjects, as well as integration of healthy lifestyle and physical activity into other subjects and organization of physical activity breaks between lessons.

Creation of active interactive methodological materials for general education teacher developing a healthy lifestyle and increase of physical activity of:

Series of three video lessons, 1 programme on teachers' TV.

Activities are for developing healthy lifestyle and physical activity of general education teachers and students.  Sharing experience promotes openness of lessons, exchange of ideas, for this reason an interactive cycle of 3 video lessons, promoting a healthy lifestyle and being physically active, was created. These video lessons encourage students’ responsible attitude to the health and physical activity, attractively motivate students not only for sports, but for a healthy diet too. This methodology will be discussed on teachers' TV.

Practical training of healthy lifestyle and physical activity for students:

1 training for general education pupils (60 participants), 1 public sports event (100) participants.

Training students is organized in order to increase attractive of physical education lessons in secondary schools - to provide a model for an attractive physical education lesson.

Benefits of the Project.

The implementation of project activities and its results will enable the improvement of competencies of general education teacher and curriculum, will contribute to creation of healthier society. And healthy young people, employee, society is the basis for the state, because it is the level of a healthy society that ensures the options of a successful future of the state. The project will provide an opportunity to place the products developed during its implementation on the Internet, where they be freely available to other educational staff, which will create conditions for development of non-formal education competences for the employees of adult education. The continuity of the project will be ensured by education system employees who took part in the project and who will share information about the project results and acquired/improved personal competences.

 

MANY INTERESTING INNOVATIONS COME TO LITHUANIAN SCHOOLS

Schools will be able to use and adapt nonviolent communication methods developed Marshall Rosenberg and popular in many countries, that will effectively help to reduce bullying, and change aggressive adult communication habits. Lithuanian education will also be supplemented by other extremely useful techniques such as: to educate musical abilities of autistic children, to promote physical activity in schools and in family, to make more students interested in natural science and mathematical education, as the use of art therapy, to help teenagers with problematic behaviour to return to school, and others. All this is provided in 11 projects that won the second call for project funding competition for European Economic Area Financial invitation programmes LT08 “EEA scholarship programme” for the period 2009-2014. While doing the projects not only the situation in Lithuania will be analysed, but also the Norwegian practices will be invoked, our teachers will have a short internships in this country. Education and Science Minister Audronė Pitrėnienė and director of Central Project Management Agency Lydia KAŠUBIENĖ have signed contracts with project managers in Vilnius today.

"I would like to thank Norway for its support. 1 million. 700 Euro for our small country is a very significant support. But not only the money but attention is also important. We should also take responsibility for making the results of the projects as good as possible, so that the money would not be uses just for the process. Thank you to those who wrote the projects, who take care of modernising current schools, making  student's day more interesting, so that he would feel better here, would have a chance to search for and discover"- said Audronė Pitrėnienė the Minister of Education and Science.

Ambassador of the Kingdom of Norway Dag Malmer Halvorsen, who took part in signing the contracts, spoke Lithuanian noting that the Norwegian-supported programme will contribute to strengthening relations between the two countries. The ambassador said that it is very important to create good conditions for lifelong learning, and the development of education innovations in schools is only possible when teachers themselves are improving their skills.

40 applications were received during the 2nd call for European Economic Area support "EEA scholarship programme”, 11 were selected for funding.  The aim of the projects - to improve students' achievements in pre-school education, general education and vocational training, modernizing the curriculum and improving qualification of education employees.

Project implementation will take place organising teacher training, seminars, events not only for teachers, but also parents, methodological tools will be prepared, textbooks, guides of best practices. All publications will be distributed free of charge, available digitally on the Internet. At the end of the projects spread of new ideas and successful examples will be continued to Lithuanian schools and society.

Education and science ministry

Division of communication

Tel. (8 5) 219 1235

E-mail info@smm.lt

 

HEALTHY LIFESTYLE AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY TRAINING TO EDUCATORS

Implementation of European Economic Area and Norwegian Financial Mechanisms project for a period 2009-2014 "Improvement of students’ achievements in healthy lifestyle and physical activity taking over the Norwegian experience" (no. EEA-LT08-MES-01-K-02-017), Education Centre invites to the course "Healthy lifestyle and physical activity in school.“

 

INVITATION TO TRAINING

"Healthy lifestyle and physical activity in schools“

The training is carried out by implementing the project of European Economic Area and Norwegian Financial Mechanisms for a period 2009-2014 "Improvement of students’ achievements in healthy lifestyle and physical activity taking over the Norwegian experience"  (no. Of the EEA-LT08-MES-01-K-02-017).

The aim of the training - to improve competencies of general education teachers‘ in the area of healthy lifestyle and physical activity, to promote a discussion on healthy lifestyles and physical activity content bringing to physical education lessons in general education and mobilize school community for healthy and active life.

Benefits of physical activity and healthy lifestyle, and possibilities of integration into the process of education and school culture, personality formation, in accordance with the healthy lifestyle principles will be the subjects of the training, healthy lifestyle and physical activity success stories will also be presented, the activities related to healthy lifestyles and physical activity integration into school life will be planned. The training will take place this year from the 13th September  to the 29th  June at Marijampolė „Ryto“, „Šaltinio“, Petro Armino, Želsvos, Vilkaviškio Salomėjos Nėries, Kazlų Rūdos, Kaunas district Kulautuvos basic schools, Kaunas Dainava progymnasium, Kaunas district Garliavos Jonučių progymnasium and gymnasium, Kaunas Waldorf school, Marijampole Marian, Liudvinavas Kazio Borutus, Igliaukos Anzelmo Matučio and Kalvarija gymnasiums. Duration - 6 academic hours.

The lectures of the training dr. Stasė Ustilaitė, Associate Professor of Lithuanian University of Educational Sciences of Sports and Health Education Faculty  of Health and Physical Education Department, dr. Olegas Batutis, lecturer of Lithuanian Sports University, Ramunė Kumžienė, Lecturer of Health Care Faculty at Vilnius College, Šarūnas Gerulaitis, Head of Social Sciences ,moral education and physical education Subdivision of  Education Development Centre,  Genovaitė Kynė, geography teacher expert of Vilnius Daukantas gymnasium, author of textbooks and other lecturers.

More information about the project: http://www.marsc.lt/vykdomiprojektai/mokiniu-sveikos-gyvensenos-ir-fizinio-aktyvumo-pasiekimu-gerinimas-per/cid:671

Teachers wishing to participate in the training are asked to registre by e-mail. mailto:sc.marijampole@gmail.com

 

INVITATION TO A PUBLIC EVENT „HEALTHY LIFESTYLE AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN SCHOOLS“

A public event "Healthy lifestyle and physical activity in school" for leaders of educational institutions, teachers of physical education and other subjects, health care professionals, students and parents, will be held in Art School of Marijampole (Vytauto St. 47, Marijampolė) 20th    September, 2016. 11 o‘clock.

 

INVITATION TO  APUBLIC EVENT „HEALTHY LIFESTYLE AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN SCHOOLS“

In order to improve competencies of general education teachers‘ in the area of healthy lifestyle and physical activity, to promote a discussion on healthy lifestyles and physical activity content bringing to physical education lessons in general education and mobilize school community for healthy and active life, a public event "Healthy lifestyle and physical activity in school" for leaders of educational institutions, teachers of physical education and other subjects, health care professionals, students and parents, will be held at 11 o‘clock in Art School of Marijampole (Vytauto St. 47, Marijampolė) 20th September, 2016.

During the event possibilities to integrate healthy lifestyle and physical activity to education process, influence of healthy diet to a complete lifestyle will be discussed: healthy eating features, formation of healthy eating habits, success stories of a healthy lifestyle and physical will also be presented.

The lectures of the training dr. Stasė Ustilaitė, Associate Professor of Lithuanian University of Educational Sciences of Sports and Health Faculty  of Health and Physical Education Department,

Ramunė Kumžienė, Lecturer of Health Care Faculty at Vilnius College,  Šarūnas Gerulaitis, Head of Social Sciences, moral education and physical education Subdivision of  Education Development Centre.

The event is organized implementing the project of European Economic Area and Norwegian Financial Mechanisms for a period 2009-2014 "Improvement of students’ achievements in healthy lifestyle and physical activity taking over the Norwegian experience" (no. EEA-LT08-MES-01-K-02-017)

More information about the project: http://www.marsc.lt/vykdomiprojektai/mokiniu-sveikos-gyvensenos-ir-fizinio-aktyvumo-pasiekimu-gerinimas-per/cid:671

Those who want to participate in the event are asked to register by e-mail. sc.marijampole@gmail.com

 

HEALTHY LIFESTYLE AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN SCHOOL“ 

20th September, 2016 

Marijampolė

 

Participants – heads of educational institutions, physical education and teachers of other subjects, class teachers, health care professionals, students and students' parents.

Date – 20/09/2016

Location – Hall of Marijampole art school

The aim of the event - to improve competencies of general education teachers‘ in the area of healthy lifestyle and physical activity, to promote discussions on the integration of healthy lifestyles and physical activity content in physical education lessons and mobilize school community for healthy and active life.

 

Time

Topics

11.10–11.40

Integration opportunities of a healthy lifestyle and physical activity into the process of education

11.40–12.10

Personality formation in accordance with the principles of a healthy lifestyle. Benefits of physical activity and opportunities to integrate into school culture.

12.10–12.30

Coffee break

12.30–13.00

Influence of healthy diet on a complete life: features of healthy diet, formation of healthy eating habits.

13.00–13.45

Success stories of healthy lifestyle and physical activity.

 

Team of the project lectures:

Dr. Stasė Ustilaitė, Associate Professor of Lithuanian University of Educational Sciences of Sports and Health Education Faculty of Health and Physical Education Department;

Ramunė Kumžienė, Lecturer of Health Care Faculty at Vilnius College; 

Šarūnas Gerulaitis, Head of Social Sciences, moral education and physical education Subdivision of Education Development Centre.

 

HEALTHY LIFESTYLE AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY TRAINING TO EDUCATORS

According Aristotle, life requires motion. However, because of a complete physical inactivity in Lithuania number of obese children and adolescents is critically increasing, for such children it is difficult to integrate into the surrounding environment, they are more often bullied, they do not have self confidence, their self-esteem is decreased, they have worse attitude towards themselves, and they isolate themselves from their friends. Throughout the child's pre-school and school-age stages the greatest responsibility for a healthy lifestyle is on his closest people – parents and pedagogues, children's health and physical activity largely depends on parents and teachers’ knowledge and approach to physical education and healthy lifestyle.

In order to deepen the understanding of teachers and children about the influence of healthy lifestyle and physical activity, to mental health, and quality of life, to improve the healthy lifestyle skills, education centre together with a partner of non-formal learning club "Mes" implements the Project of European Economic Area and Norwegian Financial Mechanisms for a period 2009-2014 "Improvement of students’ achievements in healthy lifestyle and physical activity taking over the Norwegian experience" (no. EEA-LT08-MES-01-K-02-017). In September this year training "Healthy lifestyle and physical activity in school." is organised in Marijampole and Kaunas regions.

 

Healthy lifestyle and physical activity in school

According Aristotle, life requires motion. However, because of a complete physical inactivity in Lithuania number of obese children and adolescents is critically increasing, for such children it is difficult to integrate into the surrounding environment, they are more often bullied, they do not have self confidence, their self-esteem is decreased, they have worse attitude towards themselves, and they isolate themselves from their friends. Throughout the child's pre-school and school-age stages the greatest responsibility for a healthy lifestyle is on his closest people – parents and pedagogues, children's health and physical activity largely depends on parents and teachers’ knowledge and approach to physical education and healthy lifestyle.

Therefore, in order to deepen the understanding of teachers and children about the influence of healthy lifestyle and physical activity, to mental health, and quality of life, to improve the healthy lifestyle skills, education centre together with a partner of non-formal learning club "Mes" implements the Project of European Economic Area and Norwegian Financial Mechanisms for a period 2009-2014 "Improvement of students’ achievements in healthy lifestyle and physical activity taking over the Norwegian experience" (no. EEA-LT08-MES-01-K-02-017).

While implementing the project a public event on healthy lifestyle and physical activity, for leaders of educational institutions, physical education pedagogues and teachers of other subjects, health care specialists, was organized.  14 competence  development trainings  on healthy lifestyle and physical activity for teachers took place in Marijampole and Kaunas regions, during which not only healthy integration opportunities of lifestyle and physical activity in education process were discussed, but also the influence of healthy nutrition on a complete life and possibilities to form healthy eating habits, examples of how to plan activities related to healthy lifestyles and physical activity integration into the educational process and school life were provided, exercises and games stimulating physical activity were performed. The training was conducted by Associate Professor, dr. Stasė Ustilaitė, Associate Professor of Lithuanian University of Educational Sciences of Sports and Health Education Faculty of Health and Physical Education Department, dr. Olegas Batutis, lecturer of Lithuanian Sports University, Ramunė Kumžienė, Lecturer of Health Care Faculty at Vilnius College, Šarūnas Gerulaitis, Head of Social Sciences ,moral education and physical education Subdivision of  Education Development Centre,  Genovaitė Kynė, geography teacher expert of Vilnius Daukantas gymnasium, author of textbooks, K. Vnukovo an athlete, height jumping, participant of Beijing Olympics, E. Kulikauskienė manager of Marijampole jujitsu club, A. Ralytė Health care Specialist of  Marijampole Public Health Bureau.

Not only teachers studied, students had a practical physical activity which was  organized at Marijampole Petro Armino basic School, a model physical education lesson in which students performed a variety of exercises, played motion games with balls, bows, and tennis balls. Students were not only actively involved in sports games and activities, but they also learned friendly communication with team mates, and improved communication skills. During the workshop, the students not only gained knowledge about a healthy lifestyle and the benefits of physical activity, but also experienced a lot of positive emotions.

Another project activity – teachers‘ internship in Norway, where the National Norwegian food, health and physical activity centre helps to implement the principles of a healthy lifestyle and physical activity, learning about Norwegian educational system and integration of healthy lifestyle and physical activity into education process at Oslo Skjønnhaug and Korsvoll schools. Teachers will share the experience gained in this country with colleagues in their schools and will present it to school teachers who did not participate in the project.

The outcome of the project is intended not only for Marijampole pedagogues, but for all educators in Lithuania, the result - cycle of three video lessons, promoting healthy lifestyle and being physically active. These video lessons will be available on the website of the education centre, which will be demonstrated through the teachers' TV.

 

Education Center Information

 

INTERNSHIP IN NORWAY – ONE MORE OPPORTUNITY TO DEVELOP

On the 27th -30th September Marijampolė and Kaunas teachers have travelled to an internship to Oslo (Norway), which was organized by Marijampole Meilės Lukšienės Education Centre implementing the project of European Economic Area and Norwegian Financial Mechanisms project for a period 2009-2014 "Improvement of students’ achievements in healthy lifestyle and physical activity taking over the Norwegian experience". The aim of the internship was to get aquinted with the Norwegian educational system and integration of healthy lifestyle and physical activity into education process.

 During the trip, the participants learned about the Norwegian education system, visited Oslo Skjønnhaug and Korsvoll primary (Grades 1-7) schools. There they had meetings with physical education teachers, who presented their schools, told about healthy and active lifestyle principles at school. Physical education classes held outdoors were observed and discussed. The teacher Anette Sandvaer (Skjønnhaug school) emphasised that the main problem in Norway is decreased physical activity of children, that is why  integration of physical activity into the educational process is particularly important. Especially in Oslo great emphasis is on physical education lessons.

During the discussion, participants learned how learners‘ physical activity and healthy eating habits are taught, what is assessment system in lessons, how the assistance is provided for children with learning difficulties, and how communication with pupils' parents is led. Useful experience gained how important it is to develop healthy lifestyle skills every day, encouraging children to be in the fresh air during every break time.

It was interesting to observe in practice how healthy lifestyle is practised daily not only in physical education lessons, but during each break encouraging students to be outdoors, to move constantly and play various games. Even 10 weeks during the school year, physical education classes are held outdoors. Unlike in Lithuania, these schools do not organize sports events- just children are encouraged to play sports every day.

Introducing the Norwegian education system, teachers emphasized that assessment is an important information about the child. In Norway, student results are not compared with each other. It is not the result that matters but a good time and child’s emotions. Olympics and competitions are only for deepening knowledge rather than the comparison of the results of children, so they are organized only from the 8th grade. 1-7 Grades students are not evaluated by grades, only sports competitions are organized for them. Schools are not compared with each other according to student results. At the end of school year, students take the test, then a detailed analysis of the results is carried out and further decisions are taken each year in Norway. There are discussions on how to help children to achieve better results.

Interestingly, all the teachers of the school think how to use children's free time better and more efficiently promoting physical activity. Physical education classes are integrated with math, languages, science, and other subjects, and they take place outdoors.

It was interesting to learn that young people in Norway admire healthy lifestyle, smoking is out of date, and parents try to spend every weekend with children actively, bringing them to parks and stadiums. "The most important thing today in Norwegian school is the development of student's competencies, because nobody knows what he will need in the future, as this world is constantly changing. It is important to know what and why to teach, "- said Korsvolo (Korsvoll) school teacher from Karianne Tomte. After the lessons schools educational environment was observed: gyms, inventory, showers, changing rooms, a library, and classrooms.

On their freetime internship participants visited Old Town in Oslo, the Vigeland Sculpture Park, the Norwegian Folk Museum; they admired the National Opera and Ballet Palace, on the roof of which visitors can walk. Norwegian nature also inspired - the fjords, rocky coast and mountains.

How the internship has been useful to participants?

Internship participants learned about the Norwegian educational system, realized healthy lifestyle and physical activity education principles, saw how physical education classes are organized, students’ achievement are improved, and how the assistance to students with special needs is provided. The experience gained will be shared within their own schools, with Marijampole municipality teachers.

Which elements of the internship were the most interesting, the most useful to participants?

Birutė Žeimienė: "Each school space is exploited for some purpose: various geometric shapes and geometric bodies are drawn on the exterior walls. Small notice boards hung up in the corridors on the walls to each class, where children write their dreams, demonstrate various crafts works.

Schools are not compared according to test results. The results are motivation to be interested in and to explain what is difficult to a child, what progress he has made, but not to find out the best students. The focus is on a child- to help him overcome the difficulties and achieve the best possible results.

Another very important highlight is taht physical activity is promoted in lessons of all subjects. Various very interesting mobility games are integrated into educational process. "

Asta Kulbokienė: „I was impressed by how school surrounding is used to promote students‘ physical activity and being outside in both simple and creative ways: playgrounds, moving benches, sand boxes are established, „class“ game drawn. They are full of playing children during every break. Hygiene skills are being taught since very young age: everyone has to have a shower after PE lesson.

Svetlana Andriušienė: „I liked a lot, that children are taught to take care of themselves, to be independent and responsible. For example, if you forgot a towel, use a paper one, but you have to have a shower. The greatest attention is to a child, and parents are involved into education process only for discussing child‘s results. The time is not wasted for after school activities, it may be spend for a child.„

Vaida Grinkevičienė: „ A great impression was made by students’ being outside together with teachers on duty – class teachers. Children want to play, run, and it does not matter if the weather conditions are bad: mud, rain, wind or cold.  I have learned a few active games, which I will definitely use in my work. “

 

Asta Kulbokienė,

Head deputy for education of Želsvos primary school,

Partisipant of the internship

 

Healthy lifestyle today: actual or not fashionable?

According to the data of the Woorld‘s Health organisation, health depends on our lifestyle for 50 proc., 20 percent on heredity, 20 percent on the environment and only 10 per cent. - on medical care. Knowing that health is mostly affected by the human himself, his lifestyle, health education since childhood, it is a very important problem not only medical but also pedagogical.

It is a great art and science to raise a healthy, strong, well physically and mentally advanced human being. Changing public attitudes to health, special attention should be given to children and young people, because they determine what will be the health of future generations.

Health statistics show a further deterioration in the health status of population, as well as a lack of healthy lifestyle habits. Shortcomings of a healthy lifestyle are increasingly noticeable in students‘ life: unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, harmful habits, and health disorders. Healthy lifestyle education from an early age can help reducing these indicators. Most students often say that they find it difficult to resist to delicious and unhealthy food. They choose sugary drinks, crisps and sweets with pleasure, not only during the holidays, but almost every day.

It is also known that too little of pupils are physically active. Although school has active breaks, physical education classes, not all students understand the benefits of physical activity and often do not want to engage in these activities.

We have to eat in order to get energy and nutrient supplement. But it often happens that we eat while communicating, as nicely covered table is relaxation, in this way we form wrong habits. And physical activity is changed by computers and inactive leisure.

In order to live healthily a person must have knowledge about healthy lifestyles, know how to apply it in everyday life, to live and act in accordance with it, in accordance with the relevant values and orientations in order to preserve and strengthen health, thanks to which people can achieve and realize their life goals.

At the moment, there is enough evidence that to prevent behaviour risky to health it is necessary to form a healthy lifestyle to a growing human from an early age. Therefore, education is very important here. In schools, teachers and health educators should enable students not only to listen to the theory, but to facilitate critical thinking. The learning process must be attractive and interesting. Also, the educator must be competent and their personal characteristics and behaviour should be attractive to a student. It is worth discussing with students and help them understand that delicious food is not always healthy food. To prove the importance of physical activity. To show that a healthy choice leads to good health. The role of parents is very important too. They are the first examples of those people who implement the right values and promote healthy choices.

Although many students understand the importance of health, healthy lifestyle is still a big challenge to them. Even having enough sufficient knowledge, a person can live unhealthily, so it is necessary to strengthen the motivation of healthy lifestyle, to form the corresponding values and attitudes. Good health can be fashion. And we adults can be those fashion initiators. And only with a good example of the attractiveness of healthy life we can achieve a lot with our students. Health, as well as a healthy choice, is not a one-day fashion, it is the task of a lifetime.

 

Vaida Grinkevičienė, Kaunas district. Public Health Bureau, health care specialist.

 

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND HEALTHY NUTRITION - TIPS FOR CHILDREN

(Summary)

Human needs physical activity just as he needs food and air. This is especially important for school-age children who are growing and developing intensively. Many people like you are not interested in sports or engaged in physical activity. Like you, they find a variety of excuses:

  •  "I like to watch TV, I do not want to miss my favourite TV programme";
  •  "I find it more interesting to play computer games;
  • “Sports is boring ";
  •  "None of my friend do any sports;
  • "I do not need those muscles;
  •  "I do not like team games"
  • and so on.

 

It's more fun to feel good!

A healthy diet and exercise. This is a recipe for good health! Physical activity is very helpful to us, but we often avoid it. Why? This is largely because we confuse physical activity with the great sport. There is no need to be a champion, that you would feel healthy! Exercise does not need to be difficult. Just know that movement is movement: the more you do, the healthier you are. Sports - it's a cool way of movement, but you can benefit from calmer activities such as walking, games in the park, help parents in the garden, various small crafts at home, puppy walking, and hausechores. Studies show that movement activity and its impact on the physical condition that optimal movement daily rate for preschool and younger school-age children is  3 - 4 hours.

Physical activity is an important part of a healthy lifestyle. Movements gives significant benefits for young and old. The bones, joints, muscles, especially the heart, stay young for long if you give them work. Physical performance is characterized by three elements: endurance, strength and flexibility.

Endurance is the ability to make certain movements at the same rate, without rest for a long time. It depends on strength of your heart, lungs and muscle.

Strength - at least a quarter of your body weight is muscle tissue. For these tissues we are strong, you are able to concentrate muscle strength pushing, lifting or carrying a heavy object.

Flexibility - the ability to bend, stretch or turn, do different movements. Human’s flexibility depends on whether easily or not the joints, muscles, and tendons move.

Physical activity can be varied.

It is never too late to exercise. Everyone can choose the right type of exercise, which will enhance physical strength, increase flexibility and endurance.

Benefits of physical activity

• Feeling good.

• You may make new friends.

• Concentrate better.

• Less illnesses.

• Better growth.

• Cheerfully spent time.

• You are stronger.

If you're not ready to do sports weekly or daily, there are plenty of simple ways to start with little things:

Turn off the TV or computer. At least once a week do something more serious than sitting on the couch.

Take housechores. It's not very exciting activity, but you move along and cheer the parents!

Walk more. Once you have the opportunity, take the stairs. Yield lifts and escalators to older people. Walk your dog.

Perhaps you could make a list of tasks that you typically make during a week. If you see that you spend too much time on your sofa, make a new list; try to add new ways to make you move more.

Healthy diet rules

In fact, healthy diet rules are very simple. The main thing - to eat properly distributed a variety of food. It is important to choose the products with which you get nutrients needed for the body to grow and function, blood, tissue and other vital organs recover. In order to be a healthy person, one has to eat good food. Proper diet can prevent many diseases. Every child needs to know about the food pyramid and try to follow it as closely as possible. Healthy Eating Pyramid illustrates a varied diet rule and indicates what should be the ratio of food groups in daily food rations.

We should eat more food that is shown at the pyramid's base. From cereals, potatoes, vegetables and fruits should lead to more than half of the total daily energy intake. In the central part of the pyramid meat and dairy products are shown which should be consumed in moderation. Using them the body receives the necessary materials (protein, calcium, iron, vitamins, etc.). But they contain fat, especially saturated fatty acids, which are not much needed for the body.

Fat and sweets on the top of the pyramid should be used in very small amounts. They provide body with energy but they almost do not have any necessary nutrients. Thus, during the day four standard servings of grain products and potatoes group (bread, porridge, and flakes) should be eaten. Brown bread, buckwheat, oatmeal porridge should be eaten more often, while sweet and fatty biscuits and other baked goods of the highest quality flour less. During the day you should eat four servings of fruits and vegetables. Tomatoes, carrots and other vegetables and fruit juice are very valuable, because of a lot of vitamins and minerals. Meat is also not a favourite children's food. However, it is necessary for a growing organism.

At least twice a week fish should be eaten. If you cannot eat fish or its products, you need supplementation of fish oil.

You should not forget the water. You should take much of it, since the water is rich in minerals, which contribute to growth, also a lot of materials we need melt in water, and the unnecessary materials are  departed from the body with it.

Breakfast determine the quality of work and learning. Do you want to study or work better? Eat breakfast!

Due to unhealthy eating children may lack various nutrients, which may cause various health problems:

• If children feel deficiency in vitamin A, the child begins to grow more slowly, eyesight can get weaker.

• If there is a lack of vitamin D in food products, bone ossification process is disrupted, teeth become weaker, their growth may hinder.

• With lack of vitamin B1 children begin to feel fatigue, muscle weakness, headache, body weight goes down, growth can be disturbed.

• Vitamin B2 deficiency can also disrupt a child's growth and nervous system.

• Iodine deficiency can reduce the ability to work, learning ability.

• Lack of fluoride enables the development of dental caries.

• The lack of iron, causes development of anaemia, which is characterized by weakness, decrease of physical and mental capacity, decreased resistance to infection.

• Due to the lack of calcium bone development is disrupted, their density is low.

• Excessive food energy value encourages the development of obesity.

• If the food gives too little energy, the growth and development of a child hinders, his weight is too small.

Fast food – includes all of the dishes, which can be made or supplied in a short period of time. Usually such food is sold in restaurants, stores, and kiosks. The quality of such dishes is weaker than normal food. Malnutrition reduces students’ physical, mental and social well-being, reduces confidence in their abilities and appearance of the body. Many studies show a link between children‘s poor diet and worse learning, bad behaviour and disagreements with teachers. Such children get tired quickly, feel sleepy, irritable, it is difficult for them to concentrate. Fast food lacks in vitamins and antioxidants, therefore it can offer a truly impressive amount of calories and additives which are harmful to human body. Children often eating fast food complain of stomach, headaches, and other digestive disorders. Scientists have proved that children who often eat fast food are much more likely to have allergic asthma than those who consume a lot of fruit.

In 2008 National Health Council Annual Report announced that healthy products in teen diet are more often replaced by products displacing containing large amounts of fat or sugar. Saving time and not realizing consequences of unhealthy eating to health, they are increasingly relying on fast food, snacks high in fat and salt, they choose drinks with artificial sweeteners. Studies have shown that poor eating habits contribute to the rapid spread of obesity in the USA and European countries, touching Lithuania as well.

The research on students’ progress and dietary habits made in USA has revealed that fast food is associated with lower learning results.

The Cartoons depicting significantly "overeaten" African inhabitants is rapidly shared on the Internet. It reveals hard everyday life of predators that overeat.

We recommend you to watch documentary by Morgan Spurlock "Super-Size Me".

Awarded for the best directing at the independent film festival „Sundance "  and nominated to "Oscar" for the best documentary film presented work has already changed many people's way of life.

After the first session of the film there was panic in "McDonalds" company. The representatives of this network began to threaten broadcasters, radio stations and newspapers, promising to stop advertising oneself if reportage or other information is displayed, about the work of Morgan Spurlock. But "McDonalds‘" attack turned against themselves at the San Sebastiano Film Festival as all the tickets to all sessions were sold immediately. The director and actor determined to 30 days for a "McDonalds" "diet ", that meant three times a day to eat only the network's dishes and choose the largest portions. Throughout the whole experiment The health of daredevil was tested by medical professionals of different areas who have made a number of good arguments against McDonalds production ...

Sweet and fizzy drinks are high in colouring materials, acids, sweeteners, preservatives and other amounts of harmful substances. Cola, Fanta and other soft drinks are rich in calories because they contain a lot of sugar and its substitutes. That is why In most cases, they are the cause of children‘s obesity and even diabetes. Some scientists believe that sugar substitutes can cause hyperactivity in children and have a negative effect on mental development. Dentists warn that sugar and acids in these beverages destroy tooth enamel and promote the development of tooth decay, because of this children's teeth are decaying already so early in childhood. Carbonated drinks are bad for digestion; they can damage stomach, so children who drink a lot of carbonated drinks often complain of stomach and abdominal pains. Sweetened soft drinks also contribute to body weight gain. You cannot find any vitamins in these drinks they are just empty calories. Soft drinks flavoured by artificial sweeteners are really harmful to health. Almost all contain corn syrup - a cheap sugar substitute that can damage liver. In the USA Beverages are treated as one of the main factors influencing obesity in the country. A mix of fast food and cold cola is particularly harmful to the child's health. At low temperatures, the fat hardens and stomach cannot cope with food difficult to digest.

The Experiment was made by the pupils of second primary class at Marijampole Petro Armino basic school class together with the public health care professional. Throughout the month deciduous teeth of children were kept, in different glasses with cola, juice and water.

The test showed that the tooth was most damaged by cola - it turned brown and began to crumble, Juice also breached the tooth, because there was a lot of sugar and acids in it. The only tooth, which was in plain tap water, remained unchanged. Of course in the reality teeth are not damaged so quickly, as during the experiment - the saliva in the mouth helps to protect the teeth protective layer, but it also leads to the conclusion that drinking water and milk is healthiest to teeth.

 

Marijampole municipal public health bureau information